The writer of this Gospel without doubt is, Luke the beloved physician, who was a companion of the Apostle Paul in great part of his travels in the Gentile world: he came with him to Jerusalem, and from thence accompanied him to Rome, and continued with him when in prison, and was with him to the last.
Christ sends his apostles to preach and work miracles, Luke 9:1-6. Herod, hearing of the fame of Jesus, is perplexed; some suppose that John Baptist is risen from the dead; others, that Elijah or one of the old prophets was come to life, Luke 9:7-9. The apostles return and relate the success of their mission. He goes to a retired place, and the people follow him, Luke 9:10&11. He feeds five thousand men with five loaves and two fishes, Luke 9:12-17. He asks his disciples what the public think of him, Luke 9:18-21.
Let’s see what Luke says:
Luke 9:1 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases.
Jesus will always prepare us for the task that he wants us to do; he will give us the power and authority to carry out these task. Notice that he separated the devils from the diseases; some people think that sickness comes from being possessed by evil spirits, but there are times that people are really sick.
Luke 9:2 And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.
They were to cast out devils and heal the sick, but the most important ministry that he gave them was to preach and teach about the Kingdom of God.
Luke 9:3 And he said unto them, Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece.
They were to take nothing with them, because God was going to supply all on their needs; How, through his people. God did not want them begging or hoarding stuff, but to depend on him. God don’t like his people begging for money; he will supply all of our needs. They were not to take a "begging bag" along but were to trust God to open up homes for their hospitality.
Luke 9:4 And whatsoever house ye enter into, there abide, and thence depart.
That is, stay in that house that God has prepared for you until you leave the city. Stay in your own lodging as much as possible, that you may have time for prayer and study.
Luke 9:5 And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet for a testimony against them.
To shake off the dust from the feet was a significant act, denoting that they regarded them as impure, profane, and paganish, and that they declined any further connection with them. God doesn’t want us to associate with people that don’t want to hear his Word the Bible, or to follow his teachings.
Luke 9:6 And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing everywhere.
They went out as Jesus told them to and begin preaching and teaching the Kingdom of God; healing the sick everywhere they went.
Luke 9:7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he was perplexed, because that it was said of some, that John was risen from the dead;
Herod was anxious, and distressed, not knowing what to think of Christ, and the different sentiments of men about him: he was afraid lest he should be John the Baptist risen from the dead, whom he had beheaded: he hesitated about it at first, though he afterwards was fully persuaded, in his own mind, that it was he, as some affirmed; and this gave him great uneasiness, and filled him with distress and horror.
Luke 9:8 And of some, that Elijah had appeared; and of others, that one of the old prophets was risen again.
Jesus has so much power and authority that some thought that he was Elijah.
Luke 9:9 And Herod said, John have I beheaded: but who is this, of whom I hear such things? And he desired to see him.
He desired to see him: that he might be satisfied whether it was he or not; for he had had personal knowledge of John, and converse with him, and therefore, upon sight of him, could tell whether it was he that was risen from the dead, or not.
Luke 9:10 And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done. And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
The Apostles returned and gave a glowing report of their ministry, and Jesus suggested that they all take some time off for rest (Mark 6:30-32). As the popular speaker Vance Havner used to say, "If we don't come apart and rest, well just come apart." Their mission of preaching and healing had been demanding and they all needed time alone for physical and spiritual renewal. This is a good example for busy (and sometimes overworked) Christian workers to imitate.
Luke 9:11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him: and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing.
Attracted by the signs Jesus was doing, the crowds would not leave Him alone, but followed Him from the cities; When Jesus and the Twelve landed, the crowd was already there to meet them, and Jesus had compassion on them and ministered to them (Matt 14:13-14). The Son of man could not even take a day off.
Luke 9:12 And when the day began to wear away, then came the twelve, and said unto him, Send the multitude away, that they may go into the towns and country round about, and lodge, and get victuals: for we are here in a desert place.
When evening approached the disciples being tired and hungry suggested that the multitude be sent away so they could go and seek lodging and food, but Christ was not through teaching about the Kingdom of God.
Luke 9:13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more but five loaves and two fishes; except we should go and buy meat for all this people.
Signifying, that it was not Christ’ will to dismiss people, and send them scattering abroad into the adjacent cities, towns, or houses; and that there was no need of it, but that his will was, that they should be supplied with provisions out of their stock. When we seek Christ we will never go away hungry and we will never be driven away, but will be filled with the love of God. It would have taken two hundred days of an average person's wages (around seven months of hard labor) to feed the great multitude that had assembled.
Luke 9:14 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by fifties in a company.
The people are organized in ranks like armies. The purpose is to facilitate the distribution of food. Jesus wants everything done decently and in order.
Luke 9:15 And they did so, and made them all sit down.
The disciples did not dispute the case any longer with Christ, but obeyed his orders, and ranged the multitude in companies, a hundred in one, and fifty in another; and ordered them to sit down in their distinct companies and ranks upon the green grass. They may have "sat" instead of "reclined"; people generally reclined at banquets and sat for regular meals.
Luke 9:16 Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and broke, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.
The Lord looked up to heaven, the source of our daily bread (Matt 6:11), gave thanks, and blessed the food; and then He multiplied the few loaves and fishes. Jesus was the "producer" and His disciples were the "distributors." The amazing thing is that everybody was served and satisfied, and there were twelve baskets of leftovers, one for each of the disciples. Jesus takes good care of His servants.
Luke 9:17 And they did eat, and were all filled: and there was taken up of fragments that remained to them twelve baskets.
The multiplication of food is reminiscent of the miracle of God supplying manna for Israel in the wilderness, and especially of Elisha multiplying food (2 Kings 4:42-44, where some was also left over).
Luke 9:18 And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am?
Christ wished to obtain the sentiments of the people respecting himself. It was not the time for them to know that he is the Messiah.
Luke 9:19 They answering said, John the Baptist; but some say, Elijah; and others say, that one of the old prophets is risen again.
Some supposed that he might be John the Baptist, as Herod did, risen from the dead and others thought that he was one of the prophets of the Old Testament risen again.
Luke 9:20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answering said, The Christ of God.
The Christ, or Messiah, points out his divinity, and shows his office; the Son - designates his person: on this account it is that both are joined together so frequently in the new covenant. The “Anointed” of God; the “Messiah” appointed by God, and who had been long promised by him.
Luke 9:21 And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing;
Jesus here says, Tell no man that I am the Christ, i.e. the Messiah; as the time for his full manifestation was not yet come; and he was not willing to provoke the Jewish malice, or the Roman envy, by permitting his disciples to announce him as the Savior of a lost world. He chose rather to wait, till his resurrection and ascension had set this truth in the clearest light, and beyond the power of successful contradiction.
What a powerful God we serve; what a friend we have in Jesus, that He hears our every prayer and that He is there to help in our hour of need. Our Father God always prepares us for any event that is going to take place. He is our wall of protection.
May God Bless You
Servant of Jehovah
God’s Letter To Us, The Bible